Following the Bar Kokhba Revolt against Rome in 132 CE, several Jewish communities were established in Lebanon.
Caliph Muawiya (642–680) established a Jewish community in Tripoli, Lebanon. The Jewish Academy was established in Tyre in 1071.
While the number of Jews grew considerably, the community remained largely unorganized.
During this period, the community lacked some of the fundamental institutions such as communal statutes, elected council, welfare and taxation mechanisms.
In pre-Biblical times, the region between Gaza and Anatolia (essentially modern day Lebanon, Israel, Palestinian Territories, Jordan and Syria) was a single cultural unit.
Despite the lack of any central political authority, the region shared a common language family (Northwest Semitic languages, including Phoenician, Ancient Hebrew and Aramaic), religion and way of life.
During this period, parts of modern Lebanon were under the control of Jerusalem, and Jews lived as far north as Baal-Hermon on the slopes of Mount Hermon (sometimes identified with Hasbaya, which once again became an important center of Jewish life in the first half of the 20th century).
According to the Hebrew Bible, the territory of the Israelite tribes of Asher and Naphtali extended into present-day Lebanon as far as Sidon in the north.These tribes formed part of the united Kingdom of Israel and then the northern kingdom of the same name. 732 BCE and deported its population, a fate which befell the rest of the northern kingdom in c. The New Testament also refers to Jesus's sojourn around Mount Hermon which appears to take for granted Jewish presence in this locality.Some people also add the locality of Qana (near Tyre in Lebanon) but the Bible clearly avoids confusion by referring to it as "Qana of Galilee".Its founder, influenced by the Ottoman reforms and by local cultural trends, aspired to create a modern yet Jewish school.It offered both secular and strictly Jewish subjects as well as seven languages. The school was closed at the beginning of the 20th century due to financial hardships.As the latest census in Lebanon was conducted in 1932, there are virtually no statistics available.