Warning about fakes using ancient materials What about airport x-rays and radiography? Thus, when one measures dose in pottery, it is the dose accumulated since it was fired, unless there was a subsequent reheating.
When pottery is fired, it loses all its previously acquired TL, and on cooling the TL begins again to build up.
These crystalline solids are constantly subjected to ionizing radiation from their environment, which causes some energized electrons to become trapped in defects in the molecular crystal structure.
Thermoluminescence Dating Thermoluminescence can be used to date materials containing crystalline minerals to a specific heating event.
This is useful for ceramics, as it determines the date of firing, as well as for lava, or even sediments that were exposed to substantial sunlight.
By comparing this light output with that produced by known doses of radiation, the amount of radiation absorbed by the material may be found.
Most mineral materials, including the constituents of pottery, have the property of thermoluminescence (TL), where part of the energy from radioactive decay in and around the mineral is stored (in the form of trapped electrons) and later released as light upon strong heating (as the electrons are detrapped and combine with lattice ions).
The accumulation of trapped electrons, and the gaps left behind in the spaces they vacated, occurs at a measurable rate proportional to the radiation received from a specimen’s immediate environment.
When a specimen is reheated, the trapped energy is released in the form of light (thermoluminescence) as the electrons escape.This radiation may in some cases contribute over half the total dose.Finally, one has to make the measurements regardless of whether the TL of the clay is well-behaved or not. General references Links to other useful sites BACK TO HOME PAGE HOW DOES THERMOLUMINESCENCE DATING WORK?In all, close to two dozen physical quantities must be accurately measured to establish the relationship between doses of different kinds of radiation and light output, and to compute dose rate.The complex history of radioactive force on a sample can be difficult to estimate.