They constructed cabins and a sturdy stockade used by both family and neighbors for protection from Indian attack.
"In 1780, Michael Rugh acquired title to 229.25 acres (0.9277 km2), which he operated as a farm.
The land was passed on to his son, Jacob Rugh, and later to Jacob’s son, Peter Rugh.
This date obviously differs from the above and the year (1728) also conflicts with his age as recorded on the following ship's record.
One can't help but wonder if the old faded church birth record wasn't misread and it actually had a date of "1723" (the "8" actually being a "3"? The ship record (as reported by Egle) shows that he came from Rotterdam Holland via Deal England with his parents and siblings on the ship "Samuel", landing (at age 10) in Philadelphia on August 17, 1733.
The area was known as Rughtown, although it was not yet a town in any meaningful sense." ( He and friend Anthony Altman were the trustees of 106 acres of land provided for the church and school of the Zion Lutheran Church at Harold's (so designated in 1789).
He appears on a county tax listing for Hempfield Township in 1789 and is in the nations first census (1790) as the head of his household within Hempfield.
Later, in 1771, he left Eastern Pennsylvania, taking his family west into the wilderness beyond the Allegheny Mountains.
With the able help of his adult sons and their families they homesteaded a very large tract of land in Southwestern Pennsylvania.
Records indicate he was one of a group of members that in 1744 contributed to the construction of the original "Heidelberg Lutheran/Reformed (Union) Church" log building.